The most common disease in gynecology is considered to be fungal infections of the genitals in women.

Effects of antifungal agents


Recent decades have seen a significant increase in fungal diseases. This is due to many factors and, in particular, to the widespread use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, immunosuppressants and other groups of medications in medical practice. Due to the trend towards the growth of fungal diseases (both superficial and severe visceral mycoses associated with HIV infection, oncohematological diseases), the development of resistance of pathogens to available medications, identification of fungal species that were previously considered to be nonpathogenic (currently, about 400 types of fungi are considered potential pathogens), the need for effective antifungal agents has increased. Antifungal agents (antimicrobials) - drugs with fungicidal or fungistatic effect and used for prevention and treatment of mycosis. For the treatment of fungal diseases use a number of drugs that vary in origin (natural or synthetic), spectrum and mechanism of action, antifungal effect (fungicidal or fungistatic), indications for use (local or systemic infections), methods of administration (inward, parenteral, external).

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In most cases, a woman's fungal infection:

is accompanied by signs such as pain, redness, burning and itching. Antifungal drugs can help to eliminate them quickly. And some types of drugs have so powerful properties that you can get rid of unpleasant symptoms at first time.

Important information on fungal infections in women:

Milk or vaginal candidiasis is not a sexually transmitted infection. It is not your husband's fault if your wife is in this trouble over and over again. You cannot get a fungal infection by swimming in the sea or in the pool. Mushrooms are always on our skin and on the mucous membranes of the genitals and, as a rule, do not interfere with us, but under some circumstances begin to behave aggressively. And then a woman is tormented by abundant white cottage cheese secretions, burning, itching, painfulness, swelling. Candidosis occurs in women of all ages, girls, pregnant women and women who gave birth, infants. The factors that lead to the emergence of thrush, many. These are stress, weakened immunity, and the most wonderful female adventure - pregnancy, treatment with antibiotics and cytostatics, severe infectious diseases and endocrine disorders, and even the use of oral contraceptives. Close synthetic lingerie, which creates a microclimate with high humidity and temperature, also on suspicion. The cause of mild infection of pathological fungi cells is their resistance to adverse environmental factors and the effects of many drugs, resulting in the disease moving to a more severe stage or relapsing. Medicinal antimicrobials penetrate into the fungus cell, destroying its membrane, as well as weaken the course of metabolic, respiratory and physiological processes, which suppresses the development of the fungus. Since the main source of nutrition for pathological fungi is a specific protein of epithelial tissue - keratin, fungicidal drugs change its biochemical composition to unsuitable for nutrition fungus, which leads to the death of the fungal microorganism. Antimicrotic drugs also contribute to the elimination of hyperkeratosis, associated with the emergence of fungus, by softening the cover tissues. Except in exceptional cases, treatment is prescribed primarily to alleviate symptoms. Women who do not have any complaints, carriers, do not need treatment. It is also not customary to treat a partner because vaginal candidiasis is not considered a sexual disease. The presence of vaginal candidiasis in young girls, adolescent girls and women who do not have sex shows that the infection is not related to sexual relations. In addition, studies in which the partner has also been treated have not demonstrated the effectiveness of treatment. The duration of treatment and type of treatment depends on the severity of the infection. Usually, fungal inflammations are referred to as simple inflammation, which occurs in about 80% -90% of cases. The disease is random, isolated in healthy women, with symptoms of mild severity and without signs of acute vaginal inflammation during examination. In such cases, it is possible to prescribe a one-time treatment aimed at the current infection without the need for prevention. In 80% to 90% of cases, the treatment is well received and the symptoms disappear. In contrast, women with complex infections, which are determined by the relapse rate (more than three cases per year) and women at risk, such as pregnant women or women with comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiency and external genital diseases), require long-term treatment, which includes primary treatment for current infections and then maintenance therapy once a week for several months. After this treatment, more than 90% of women's complaints disappear.